In the Netherlands we distinguish (in addition to EIA and SEA) two procedures in the Dutch Environmental Act:
- Environmental Impact Assessment for (relatively) simple permit procedure: the simplified procedure.
- Environmental Impact Assessment for complex decisions and SEA for plans and programmes: the full procedure.
Note that ‘simplified’ does not necessarily mean ‘easy’. For EIA the type of permit determines whether the simplified or the full procedure applies. For example a permit procedure for a nuclear power plant will be classed as a simplified procedure. The permit itself is far from ‘simple’, but the simplified procedure suffices.
EIA for complex decisions, all projects that require an appropriate assessment on the basis of the Dutch Nature Conservation Act and all projects in which a government body is proponent (e.g. expansion airport, projects concerning infrastructure, housing programmes) the full procedure is required.